¿Para qué sirven las congregaciones generales de los cardenales?

Más preguntas sobre la Sede Vacante y el Conclave

04.03.2013 // PRINT
© DR
Hoy han empezado las Congregaciones Generales. Pero ¿eso no es el Conclave? ¿Están ya los cardenales reunidos “bajo llave” hasta que elijan al Papa? Y si no es así, ¿para qué se reúnen en estos días?
 
- Este lunes han comenzado las congregaciones de los cardenales que preceden al cónclave. ¿Para qué sirven?
 
La constitución apostólica “Universi Dominici Gregis” (http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/apost_constitutions/documents/hf_jp-ii_apc_22021996_universi-dominici-gregis_sp.html) emitida por Juan Pablo II en 1996 para reglamentar el proceso de elección del Papa establece: “Mientras está vacante la Sede Apostólica, el gobierno de la Iglesia queda confiado al Colegio de los Cardenales solamente para el despacho de los asuntos ordinarios o de los inaplazables, y para la preparación de todo lo necesario para la elección del nuevo Pontífice”.
 
Los cardenales son los principales colaboradores del Papa, y en su ausencia, les corresponde ocuparse de asuntos ordinarios del gobierno de la Iglesia, aunque su poder no es ni mucho menos como el del obispo de Roma. No pueden, por ejemplo, nombrar a obispos para diócesis del mundo, atribución reservada al Papa.
 
Las atribuciones del Colegio de los Cardenales en espera de la elección del nuevo Papa consisten en:
 
- Despachar los asuntos ordinarios, es decir, todas las cuestiones de la vida diaria de la Santa Sede.
 - Cuestiones que requieren una intervención urgente.
- Sobre todo, la preparación del cónclave.
 
El Colegio Cardenalicio desempeña estas tareas con las congregaciones de los cardenales.
 
Hay dos tipos de congregaciones:
 
1) general: en la que participan todos los cardenales, electores y no electores (han cumplido los ochenta años).
 
2) particular: compuesta por el cardenal camarlengo y tres cardenales llamados asistentes. Sus nombres son extraídos a suertes entre los cardenales electores que ya están presentes en Roma. El encargo dura tres días. Después son sorteados otros tres cardenales también por un encargo de tres días. Y así sucesivamente. Esta congregación se encarga de gestionar todas las cuestiones ordinarias de la Santa Sede.
 
Las congregaciones generales que preceden al cónclave se llaman preparatorias y se desarrollan con ritmo cotidiano.
 
En la primera congregación, celebrada este lunes, los cardenales han prestado juramento sobre el proceso de elección del futuro Papa y sobre todo lo que requerirá el secreto durante la sede vacante.
 
El juramento ha concluido de manera personal. Cada cardenal ha puesto la mano sobre el Evangelio y ha afirmado: “Así me ayude Dios y estos Santos Evangelios que toco con mi mano”.
 
En las primeras congregaciones los cardenales son informados sobre la preparación de su alojamiento durante el cónclave, la Casa Santa Marta del Vaticano, así como de la Capilla Sixtina, el lugar donde tienen lugar las votaciones. El objetivo es que la elección del Papa tenga lugar “de manera ágil, ordenada y con la máxima reserva”.
 
Otra de las tareas es la de escoger a dos eclesiásticos para que ejerzan la tarea de pronunciar meditaciones sobre los problemas de la Iglesia en este momento y sobre los motivos sobrenaturales que deben guiarles en la elección del futuro Papa.
 
Establecer la fecha del inicio del cónclave. Dado que todavía faltan por llegar cardenales a Roma, esta decisión no ha podido ser tomada este lunes.

Interactive Connections

Previously submitted, we would like to have the following 2 websites listed in the Partnership: ACyberPilgrim - http://acyberpilgrim.org and Catechesis 2.0 - http://catechesis20.org

Aimee M. Cooper, MA

Aimee M. Cooper, MA is the Director of the Catholic Gospel Project: Evangelization Training and Spiritual Formation in the Catholic Tradition. She offers online classes that are great for individuals, small groups, parishes, and Catholic organizations, and teaches and gives talks locally in the Archdiocese of Denver, including in parishes and at the St. John Seminary for Priestly Formation.

KCBC Bible Commission & Kerala Catholic Bible Society POC

A Kerala Model for New Evangelisation It‰Ûªs just awesome! 560,829 are the participants this year for Logos Mega Bible Quiz to be conducted on 30th September 2012 in Kerala the great and ancient centre of Christianity in India. The interest in the Quiz has gone up steadily since it was initiated in 2000 the Great Jubilee Year by the Bishops‰Ûª conference. This year saw an increase of 25,000 compared to last year‰Ûªs registration (537,300). This colossal phenomenon, called ‰Û÷Logos Mega Bible Quiz‰Ûª, invites the keen attention of the universal Church at the dawn of the Synod on New Evangelization. The Aim The Logos Bible Quiz, which is organized by Kerala Catholic Bishops‰Ûª Council‰Ûªs Bible Commission, provides people opportunity to read and study the Holy Bible carefully. ‰ÛÏOur aim is to promote interest in Bible reading and to cultivate a culture of systematic study of the Bible in order to make a vibrant Christian life possible‰Û, says Rev. Dr. Joshy Mayyattil the chief co-ordinator of Logos Mega Quiz and Secretary of KCBC Bible Commission and Kerala Catholic Bible Society. The Mode The participants, in the quiz conducted by Bible Commission of the Kerala Catholic Bishops Council, are divided into six age groups. People of all walks of life can participate in this popular Bible quiz. Many religious and priests too participate in it. The preliminary round of the Logos Quiz, conducted in parishes under the auspice of Diocesan Bible Apostolate directors, lasts for one and half hours in which the participants will answer multiple answer questions. Three toppers from each age category will participate in the written quiz conducted in KCBC headquarters at Kochi. Top ten from each age category from this round will be eligible for the final round which includes audio, video, written, oral and Bible verse recitation tests. Once the final round gets over, the winners in each category is awarded with gold medals and cash prizes. And the champion of the Logos Quiz (Logos Prathibha) will have a free pilgrimage to Holy Land. The possibility of introducing scholarship for Bible study for the Logos winners is under consideration. Last year the Logos Prathibha (i.e., Logos Champion) was Sr. Betty LAR from the diocese of Palai. Year before last it was Miss Reshma Pius a 16-year old student hailing from an economically poor family. This Bible lover has proved that her family‰Ûªs richness consists in their love for the Scripture. A Year-long Preparation for 35 chapters! People prepare themselves well in advance for the quiz. The syllabus of almost 35 chapters from the Old and New Testaments (the syllabus for this year: Exodus 25-40; the Gospel of Mark; II Peter) for the quiz is announced a year in advance so that the contestants can get ample time to prepare. Often people carry their personal Bibles during travels in order to read the portions. In many cases parents and children get ready for the Logos making collective study and preparing notes in the family. It is not a rare thing in Kerala to see members of the same family, especially children, competing among themselves to learn biblical verses by-heart. In some places, the participants of the Logos Quiz sit together after the Sunday Catechesis and revise the topics. Study guides are also available. Last year more than 20 various guides were available in the bookshops. In Future ‰ÛÏLogos Quiz has become a Herculean task for the conducting team. However it is also a pleasant task‰Û, says Bishop George Punnakkottil the Chairman of KCBC Bible Commission. ‰ÛÏLast year we introduced on-line registration (visit: www.logosquiz.org). In a few years we will be able to conduct on-line exam also. Thus the desire of numerous Keralites abroad to participate in the Logos Quiz would be realized‰Û. ‰ÛÏThe KCBC Bible Commission has plans to make this Bible Quiz popular in other parts of the world too. For this purpose, the Bible Quiz, which is currently conducted in Malayalam and English, will be made available in other languages also‰Û, added Bishop Punnakkottil. The e-mails that the organizers of the Logos Bible Quiz receive are evidences for the desire of the people around the globe for such methods and tools for Bible study. The great success of this Bible contest in Kerala could be a pointer for the universal Church ‰ÛÒ Bible Quiz, if culturally adapted, may be one of the best means for the new evangelization.

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